IAGO: I follow him to serve my turn upon him: We cannot all be masters, nor all masters Cannot be truly follow'd. I wanted to examine his motivations; why he did what he did. West illustrates his complete lack of remorse: But the play itself shows clearly enough that Iago goes off as he comes on, devoid of conscience, with no remorse. Why sow such destruction, such chaos, such misery? Iago has lost. honest iago Essay Examples. He decides to focus on his courteous manners and attentions to Desdemona. Iago uses implications in a similar manner to deposit thoughts into the minds of others. Iago’s character is consumed with hatred and envy. The nobleness of Othello, the kindness of Desdemona, and the loyalty of Cassio, Iago turns all these virtues into traps that destroy them all. Iago is not the only, The Tragedy of Othello: The Moor of Venice is William Shakespeare’s play, written around sixteen hundreds. Honest Iago. To most of the characters, he is “Honest Iago” (Shakespeare, 5.2.73). Where did it begin? Enter IAGO. In fact, as play starts Iago is taking advantage of Roderigo. During the Iago keeps the gifts that Roderigo purchases for Desdemona for himself. Shakespeare shifts the action from Venice to Cyprus. IAGO: I follow him to serve my turn upon him: We cannot all be masters, nor all masters Cannot be truly follow'd. Yet she must die, else she’ll betray more men. While at first, order exists in the lives of the Othello and Iago, through dramatic events and manipulation, the balance becomes unstable and starts to shift into chaos. Some readers have suggested that Iago’s true, underlying motive for persecuting Othello is his homosexual love for the general. Iago was neither "honest" nor foolish. Even though both of the main male characters, Iago and Othello, are murderers, they have different types of characters, cause, William Shakespeare’s “Othello”, illustrates four of themes in the play. For his quick hunting, stand the putting on. Michael, good night: to-morrow with your earliest : Let me have speech with you. American Imago, 604, 481–499. Shakespeare uses a number of techniques to express the manipulaton of Iago in this scene. Othello calls him ‘honest Iago’ as early as Act 1 Scene 3, and trusts him throughout the play. 10 : To DESDEMONA : Come, my dear love, The purchase made, the fruits are to ensue; That profit's yet to come 'tween me and you. His plan is unveiled, betrayed to his victim and power slips through his fingers like fine sand through the sieve of potential greatness. The Nature of Evil in Othello The relationships that most interestingly relate to the homosocial continuum are Desdemona and Emilia, Iago and Roderigo, and Iago and Othello, much. “Kevin Spacey Shines As Shakespeare’s ‘Richard III’”. Most of the time however, the majority don’t realise how Iago/Frank are orchestrating and manipulating everything and everyone. This paper focuses on Othello, arguing that, Throughout Shakespeare’s play, Othello, the major theme of jealousy is explored in detail through the main characters Othello and Iago's actions. Search Pages. “I do believe in motiveless malignity,” one stated. A viewer of House of Cards doesn’t leave without, frankly, being shocked by how manipulative Frank is and how weak and defenseless the other characters are in his hands. Whip me such honest knaves. Such as Cassio calling him “Honest Iago” and when Cassio got in that fight with Rodrigo, he believed that Iago was the only good, honest man on his side, even though he was the one who set him up. Roderigo eventually begins to question Honest Iago, saying "I think it is scurvy, and begin to find myself fopped in it." [Act IV, Scene II, Line 189]. Two dead and one wounded, and honest Iago is still left behind to cackle at his dominion while the marionettes hang limply from the puppet-master’s fingers. He’s violent, manipulative and shows no remorse for his actions. An antagonist that justifies their terrible actions with ‘the Greater Good’ or some other inconsequential or weak rationalization is one we have all seen before. Iago and Frank both achieve revenge and attain power by orchestrating from the shadows. 313. This is why Iago is so fascinating; he’s the type of villain that’s so utterly foreign and alien to most of us. And I, God bless the mark, his Moorship’s ancient. If he say so, may his pernicious soul Rot half a grain a day! This soliloquy is perhaps the most powerful in the play because it carries so much depth and subtext. I didn’t do anything to initiate such a mean and nasty thing for him to do to my car.” A number of responses referred to Iago and evildoers in general as simply being “crazy.” Some of the more thoughtful responses, however, expressed doubts. She’s framed as fruitful. Iago’s actions fit well into the patterns of psychopaths and sociopaths. In reality he feels betrayed, his plot to kill Desdemona is born out of intense jealousy and a desire for vengeance for her (perceived) betrayal. William Shakespeare, being born on April 23, 1563, was subject to an early renaissance education. however, the audience knows that Iago is the furthest thing from honest. Moreover, at the very beginning of the play Iago presents his anger at being passed over a promotion to lieutenant as the cause of his hate for the two. You see, Iago doesn’t plot to kill Othello, Desdemona and Cassio in one fell sweep because he truly thinks he’s being cuckolded, or because his skills have been overlooked; Iago commits all this violence, and destruction because he wants to. “Honest Iago” is a motif I’ve made an attempt to bring up many times in this article because I wanted to really illustrate the dichotomy of Iago’s outward and inward characters. On a continuum, it is impossible to distinguish. Schapiro states that it’s incorrect to state Iago does not have a motive, or that his motive is meaningless. Moreover, “Even as her appetite shall play the god With his weak function.”, betrays some of his prejudice and bias on women. A storm has dispersed the Venetian fleet so that Cassio arrives first, anxious for Othello's safety. This is a villain that, although how reviling it may be at some times, we can empathize with. Iago is a psychopath. When I set out to write this analysis, I chose Iago because, to me at least, he is simply the most interesting character in the play; and I decided to approach the text from a Psychoanalytical perspective because his psychology is really the most interesting part of him. Iago Bitarishvili needs little introduction to those who know Georgian Wine, yet still it's worthwhile to do so. Motives and justifications are barely a blip on the radar for him. Join Facebook to connect with Honest Iago and others you may know. For further evidence of Iago's successful persuasive techniques, one might also profitably examine Iago's interactions with Roderigo (see 1.3. If ever there was a victor in Othello, it would be honest Iago. Iago makes a complete fool out of Roderigo. A very important technique that Iago uses is that he makes Othello trust him, if he didn’t then Iago’s scheming and plotting would be a complete waste of time and result in failure. Yet, however, he makes no note of anger towards Emilia. One of the themes is extreme jealousy can make a person act like a monster. Iago’s number one technique was his ability to make people trust him. What technique is Iago using, which has already been seen to raise Othello's rage? (2.1.191–93) Setting the scene. But he, as loving his own pride and purposes. Despise me if I do not: three great ones of the city. CASSIO : Welcome, Iago; we must to the watch. Why did he sow such chaos, discord, violence and ruin? In an essay, discuss why honesty-or the reputation for being honest or the lack of honesty-is so important in Shakespeare's Othello. This is a punishment she deserves. My friend, your husband, the honest, honest Iago. And she for him pleads strongly to the Moor. That she may make, unmake, do what she list, With his weak function. Iago tells the lie to Othello about Cassio and Desdemona to and convincing Othello to believe in it. Iago is most honest (II.iii.7) Othello, unaware of Iago's evil plans, comments on his honesty. Where does it end? Lesson Extensions For further evidence of Iago's successful persuasive techniques, one might also profitably examine Iago's interactions with Roderigo (see 1.3. Many expressed the view that Iago represented the reality of evil, an evil all the more powerful and terrifying because it was not based on reasons and could not be understood … This past fall, I asked my students to respond in writing to the issue of motiveless malignity. Of particular significance to me is House of Cards’ Frank Underwood (Kevin Spacey). http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/sdut-kevin-spacey-shines-as-shakespeares-richard-iii-2011jun30-story.html. Each plot point is spiraled further into tragedy due to the nature of Iago and his manipulative language, drama Othello, the battle between good and evil creates the basic root of human nature as a whole. Lyrics by Mike Robertson, Arlen Konopaki & … These, The Nature Of Evil In Othello Iago knows Othello’s weakness and tells it to the audience because it is a major factor in the success of his plan. This is most ironic, of course, since Iago is the furthest thing from it. Furthermore, there is a single glaring fallacy in all of these motivations. A villain that cares not the evil he wroughts, a villain that remorselessly sows discord and violence with no regret. Iago has a reputation for honesty, for reliability and direct speaking. Iago is the manipulative and omniscient puppet master of Othellothat seemingly controls everything from behind the scenes. He methodically ensnares the naive moor Othello, and insidiously orchestrates his downfall. Iago means that because he is Othello's honest (loyal) friend he cannot honestly (truthfully) say everything he knows about Othello. (II, iii, 287-9), which is ironic since Iago has a reputation as an honest man when he deceives routinely, while Cassio is now considered a wild drunk when in reality he is Othello?s dearest ally. Withholding information. In an attempt to rid himself of guilt and doubt, Othello sloppily paints a picture where he is the hero, the brave vindicator on a quest to rid the world of a great evil; the heinous slut (pardon the slur) Desdemona. Non-suits my mediators, For ‘Certes’, says he. He is the valiant knight atop a horse, adorned with laurels and proclamations of moral righteousness. There is much sub context in Othello on gender representation and conflict, but that too is something for another time. The very first lines of Othello contain just such prodding on the part of Roderigo, Iago’s gull. “The Moor is of a free and open nature, That thinks men honest that but seem to be so,”Othello thinks that all men are honest and therefore he will believe Iago because Iago has convinced Othello … Honest Iago, My Desdemona must I leave to thee: I prithee, let thy wife attend on her: And bring them after in the best advantage. It is the cause. Just check the hallways in any middle school or high school.” Another student wrote about coming out of a Wendy’s restaurant to find “a punky guy” sitting in the car parked next to hers, “just spitting over and over into my car. Surely there must be a reason why he embarks on this quest for vengeance? Iago knows that the allegations about adultery between Othello and Emilia may be untrue, and yet he acts as if they are certain “I know not if’t be true, But I, for mere suspicion in that kind, Will do as if for surety.” This hints that Iago does not really care that Othello is cuckolding him, but rather that he uses it as a convenient argument. Iago is the play's main antagonist, and Othello's standard-bearer.He is the husband of Emilia, who is in turn the attendant of Othello's wife Desdemona.Iago hates Othello and devises a plan to destroy him by making him believe that his wife is having an affair with his lieutenant, Michael Cassio. The object poisons sight; Iago is the manipulative and omniscient puppet master of Othello that seemingly controls everything from behind the scenes. I disagree with this opinion. Words. 307. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/02/21/house-of-cards-shakespeare-_n_4823200.html. He tells the basic facts and uses those to lead the characters on. He has risen through the ranks in the army by merit and achievement, and Othello, whose military judgment is excellent, has taken him as ancient (captain) because of his qualities. Othello simply states; "Iago is most honest." And he got every one of them to trust him, although he still hadn’t got Emilia into his web fully. He, who cannot muster guilt or even the slightest doubt in the morality of his plots, is someone we cannot recognize, we cannot relate with. Iago never killed Emilia, so his whole plot was figured out by the end. Iago is able to take the handkerchief from Emilia and know that he can deflect her questions; he is able to tell Othello of the handkerchief and know that Othello will not doubt him; he is able to tell the audience, “And what’s he then that says I play the villain,” and know that it … When he introduces his advice to Cassio with the phrase "As I am an honest man," he is not speaking of honesty in the sense of sincerity but as a man of honest carriage who controls his passions and only speaks after careful consideration. This technique works so effectively as a way to assert power over others because it gives the perception that Othello has come to his conclusions about Cassio by himself, when in fact Iago has planted these ideas in his head. He has succeeded in his goal; not to elevate his position as he had once wished, but to utterly and completely destroy his hated master. Off-capped to him; and by the faith of man. His techniques were that […] and Honesty in Shakespeare’s Othello Othello: Discuss The Techniques Iago Used To Manipulate Others Essay, Research Paper Othello: Discuss the Techniques Iago Used To Manipulate Others Through out the drama of Othello Iago used many techniques to acquire what he wanted and one manner or another he some how all most ever got what he wanted. Schapiro bases her psychoanalysis around the nature of evil in the text, particularly in Iago. And what’s he then that says I play the villain. A very intelligent, highly manipulative man with a keen understanding of human nature and how to use it to his own purposes, Iago was also greedy for power, jealous of those whom he felt had been given preference over him simply because of societal status, and filled with hatred for Othello for what he felt was a betrayal of his loyalties as well as his … The techniques are used to affect the characters in a negative way in favor of the villain. Fiction, however, is not the only thing I can draw comparisons to. Othello's jealousy is not a constructive motive, for it Iago must have foreseen the fragility of his plan. This will encourage Desdemona to see Iago as a confidant, and eventually she asks Iago for his advice when she experiences trouble with her husband. Iago is honest with many people during the book but makes it seem like he knows more than he is really telling. One example of this is when Iago discovers Cassio's weakness was alcohol; Cassio leaves Iago on his own, this gives him time to explain to the audience what he is planning to do. Shakespeare uses irony continuously throughout the play when it comes to Iago. Specifically, there is the famous reference constantly repeated by Othello: “honest Iago”. Mere prattle without practice. He acts with impunity and an disregard for the risks associated with his plot. As Fred West states in his article; Iago the Psychopath, Iago is so much more complex a character than a simple villain. To win the Moor, were’t to renounce his baptism. For balance, Emilia gives a cynical woman's view of men in Act V. Iago meanwhile watches Cassio, seeking a weakness that he can exploit. If there was ever a victor in this bloody avocation they play, it would only be honest, brave and loyal Iago. Now most of the people he did this to it worked on. The villainous Iago spits some truth about Othello. Thoughout the play Iago is called “honest Iago”. Roderigo, another dupe of Iago's, differs from Othello in this, that the latter never suspects honest Iago, the former is constantly suspicious that he is being cheated, and is as constantly satisfied, notwithstanding the grossest indications that should have put him on his guard. We know him better than his most trusted confidantes (his wife and Doug). 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