A triune of earth Goddesses given this singular Latin name on the continent. The Horned or Antlered God is born at the winter solstice, marries the Goddess at Beltane, and dies at the summer solstice. Rules Over:  Fire, fertility, the hearth, all feminine arts and crafts, martial arts, healing, physicians, agriculture, inspiration, learning, poetry, divination, prophecy, smithcraft, animal husbandry, love, witchcraft, occult knowledge. As it fell, it caused the formation of Ben Vaichard. ‘Salach’ means ‘foul’ and is therefore almost a synonym of Éiteag’s own name, reinforcing her nature and the nature of the area.51. The stone itself is known as Creag-na-Caillich.33, At another point in Mull there is Carn-na-Caillich. Here, it is said that the Cailleach was collecting stones in her creel to make a bridge between Mull and the mainland. Rules Over:  Fire magick. Poets have given her different names across time: Digdi (or Digde), Milucra, Biróg (the fairy-woman who saved Lugh of the Long-Arm as an infant), Buí (one of Lugh’s wives), and Burach. Rules Over:  Faery contact, sun. Goddess of streams. She had 19 priestesses representing the 19-year cycle of the Celtic “Great Year.” Among her MANY magickal credits is that of a healer. The Finfolk of Orkney folklore were a race of dark and gloomy sorcerers, feared and mistrusted by mortals. Brigid. Horse God often seen as either a male form of Epona or as her consort. See: Cailleach excerpts on Tairis-CR. And her bone tufted tooth was like rusted bone. She is best known for her powers of healing which were linked to her skills with weaving fiber. The Druids knew him as Hu Gadarn, the Horned God of Fertility. Symbolizes pure masculinity, divine energy. Celtic Mythology: A Concise Guide to the Gods, Sagas and Beliefs (Greek Mythology - Norse Mythology - Egyptian Mythology - Celtic Mythology Book 4) Book 4 of 4: Greek Mythology - Norse Mythology - Egyptian Mythology - Celtic Mythology. Looking to other sources, we see that “Middle Irish pedigrees of the kings of the Scots include an Eochaid Riada (known in some versions as Caipre Rígfota) who, if we assign an average number of years to generations, would have ruled in the 2nd century AD…”15 Likewise, the tale Aided Chonrói (‘The Death of Cú Roi’) makes mention of an Echde, who lived in Aird Echdi I Cinn Tíre. Meyer is of the opinion that this suggests that the area (the Mull of Kintyre, which was marked as Epidii territory by Ptolemy) was known as ‘Echde’s Cape,’16 to the Irish neighbours at least, and this could easily be seen as referring to a deity, or a historical figure. ‘The river hag’, who is said to haunt the fords of the river Orrin in Ross. W. B. Yeats was therefore incorrect when he stated that ‘the gentle fairy presences’ which haunted the imagination of his countrymen became ‘formidable and evil as soon as they were transferred to Scottish soil’, since this truly terrifying death messenger seems to be shared by both Ireland and Scotland while her associations give some indication of how the Scots regarded the fairy queen.’ Lizanne Henderson, Scottish Fairy Belief, p18. Celtic mythology stories are rich in folklore characters, including Irish mythological gods and goddesses. Rules Over:  Spirit contact, appreciation, beauty, water magick. In this case, the starting point takes us to Ptolemy. Goddess of “debauchery” by her detractors, while some recent legends go so far as to make her the destroyer of her own realm through her excesses and her worship of “idols.”  By her followers, she is hailed as a Goddess of earthly pleasure. Part of the problem here is the lack of serious academic studies that try to address any of this. Yes, yes, Merlin is mainly a Welsh-English story. Here are some of these Irish gods explained. Brigid, the Exalted One, was the Irish goddess of spring, fertility, and life. I [was] a new Mudoran/Gaelic Polytheist who [was] looking to document his journey. Certainly in Ireland Patrick often replaced Lugh in the landscape, as Maire MacNeill has pointed out,18 and Mac Cana notes other examples as well,19 so such things are not unheard of. 32 Grant, Myth, Tradition and Story from Western Argyll, 1925, p7. He is associated with ravens. The leader of the gods for the Irish pantheon appears to have been the Dagda. Lea reseñas de productos sinceras e imparciales de nuestros usuarios. Later, the Romans identified him with Mercury. Among the most well-known are the Dagda, the chief of other deities and the Morrígan, a goddess of war. His feast is Lughnassadh, a harvest festival. The ruins of her palace are said to be found here. The Celtic pantheons The Gods, Goddesses, Spirits and legendary characters of Celtic mythology. Well known Goddess and namesake of the River Clyde. His name became the poetic name for Britain. She resides in the afterworld realm where she receives the dead. God of sheep and cattle herders from Celtic Gaul. 46 Watson, The Celtic Place-names of Scotland, 2005 (1926), p44. Myths have emerged for various purposes throughout the history of Scotland, sometimes being elaborated upon by successive generations, and at other times being completely rejected and replaced by other explanatory narratives. The Druid priests of the Celts did not write down the stories of their gods and goddesses but instead transmitted them orally, so our knowledge of the early Celtic deities is limited. Rules Over:  Healing. Scotland. The people of the glen built them a house, and in due course the woman had a daughter. As with the table for Gods of (the Irish) Landscape and Lore, the table is listed in alphabetical order of deity names (or possible/suspected deity): Map of Mainland Scotland (adapted from Wikimedia under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike Licence), A | B | C | D | E | G | M | T, The inscription itself is not conclusive, however, and could simply indicate that the person who left the inscription, an architect, may have come from Brigantes territory and made the dedication to his own tutelary deity.25. 42 Grant, Myth, Tradition and Story from Western Argyll, 1925, p8. Goddess of many of the beneficial hot springs in southern France from which her few legends came. Retrieved from "https://mythology.wikia.org/wiki/Category:Scottish_creatures?oldid=102320" But in these magical, supernatural tales of poets, Watson proposes that the name refers to a goddess, *Clōta, whose name means “the washer, the strongly flowing one,” also noting that the nearby river Cart, which flows into it, is connected with the Irish word cartaim, ‘I cleanse.’8. The Fianna said she would occasionally fly in from over the sea and fight on their side in battle. Aspen in Celtic Mythology was known as the shield tree, being well known for providing both spiritual and physical protection. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 6 See: Gildas. Clearly the map is incorrect, but this seems odd given that Ptolemy was an otherwise able cartographer; considering this fact, the reasons for this apparent mistake have long been debated, with all sorts of theories being suggested – for example, he had to rely on data taken from sea journeys, rather than mapping on land like most of the other places that were mapped at the same time, and so Ptolemy may have failed to take the differences in tides and currents into account, resulting in Scotland (and Denmark) becoming lopsided; or else, the skewing is a result of how the maps were drawn separately and then compiled (essentially, when putting the maps of the British Isles all together, the compiler put Scotland on at the wrong angle. Rules Over:  Purification, healing, Great Rite, any other magickal acts associated with the feminine elements. She was also the Goddess of featherless flying creatures which may have symbolized some type of blockage to passing into the Otherworld. She is pictured as sitting on a throne of reeds in the center of the lake’s depths. Myths and legends have been a part of Irish culture and folklore since the very beginning. The cast of characters in Celtic myth is a reflection of the society itself. Fishermen of Britain claim to occasionally see her city beneath the French seas, and believe that she will indeed return someday. 41 Grant, Myth, Tradition and Story from Western Argyll, 1925, p8. The rivers marked Clote Aest (Aestuarium – estuary) and Devae Ostia, for example, clearly relate to those now known as the Clyde and Dee. 37 Grant, Myth, Tradition and Story from Western Argyll, 1925, p8. God of hot springs who replaced his mother, Sirona, in this function when her story was patriarchalized. His swine magickally renewed themselves, were the chief food of the Tuatha De Danann and kept them from aging. Celtic gods were also considered to be a clan due to their lack of specialization and unknown origins. However, some claim he was the consort of Nantosuelta, whose name means “of the meandering stream.”  Others see him as a representation of death. A warrior woman and prophetess who lived in Albion, most likely on the Isle of Skye and taught the martial arts. Ariadne spun the universe from the primordial darkness like a spider spins her web, a theme with echoes in the creation myths of many other cultures. Six ancient myths from the Scottish islands From rock-dwelling giants to mermaids and seals who steal the hearts of local women, Scotland's islands are still alive today with tales of … Frustratingly Stewart doesn’t expand on this, but elsewhere she does mention a rhyme the Cailleach is said to exclaim as her defeat becomes apparent: Dh’fhàg e shios mi, dh’fhàg e shuas mi; Rules over:  Animals, familiars, woodlands. As she walked from the north of Morvern down to the Sound, the creel-rope snapped and the stones all dropped to the ground. Rules Over:  Love magick, searching for the perfect mate, keeping secrets, spirit contact. Crone Goddess associated with Samhain. Insular Brythonic - Welsh, Cornish. 20 MacKenzie, ‘A Highland Goddess,’ The Celtic Review Vol VII, 1912, p336. He is associated with jackassess and with the Roman God Mars. Thunder God. 49 Watson, The Celtic Place-names of Scotland, 2005 (1926), p438. Rules Over:  Harvest festivals, earth magick. Some traditions view hiim as the original being, the first God, first life carved out of the primal void of the divine womb. 22 Campbell, Popular Tales of the West Highlands Vol III, 1890, p137. Aonghus (sometimes surnamed Mac Og meaning "young son") was the Irish god of love and youth. Represents the female principle of creation. Rules Over:  Defenses, protection. Weather deity who controlled the rain, wind, hail and fog. 38 Grant, Myth, Tradition and Story from Western Argyll, 1925, p8. 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