More than 40 different species in the genus of Juniper (Juniperus spp.) There are over 45 different types of juniper. All juniper species grow berries, but most are considered too bitter to eat. Juniper berries have a strong, bitter, slightly peppery-flavor and gritty texture. The Eastern red cedar is hardy in USDA zones 2 through 9, notes the North Carolina State Cooperative Extension. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Edible Uses of Juniper Berries Juniper berries are the primary flavoring agent for gin, and they are in an ingredient in my Infused Winter Gin recipe . Various Native American groups in California used the berries and other parts of the plant to treat illnesses such as common colds, flu, constipation, high blood pressure and hiccups. While these berries are not bitter as are the berries of most juniper species, the red juniper's palatable berries are not as aromatic as those of the common juniper. Junipers produce dusky blue berries that are actually cones containing seeds. They are the required ingredient that flavors gin. Archeological occurrence. Additionally, juniper berries are generally not considered safe for pregnant or nursing women. Its berries are not edible, because they’re toxic to humans. Caution: Do not use the European Juniperus sabina and Juniperus oxycedrus for food at all. Each juniper berry contains half a dozen seeds which are triangular, hard and black, and are dispersed by birds which eat the berries. occur naturally in the wild. I was thinking about slow roasting lamb with juniper berries and lemon. Juniper berries are officially the only spice to come from a conifer tree. They are the required ingredient that flavors gin. A: Many conifer needles are used to make tea, usually due to their high level of Vitamin C. Western juniper ( Juniperus occidentalis ) is found in central and eastern Oregon, and those berries are edible. Juniper berries can be treated as a robust ingredient and macerated for a couple of days before distillation. But all are not, and some of them are just too bitter to eat. The juniper berries used for flavoring come from the Juniperus communis, which can be a sprawling shrub or a tree that can grow as tall as 52 feet. But, juniper berries are good for so much more than just gin! Some of these berries are dried and used as a spice , while some people choose to press out the essential oil , or even steep the berries to make a powerful herbal tea . With more than 60 varieties growing world-wide, they are a widely varying plant and range from low creeping ground cover to tall upright trees. But all are not, and some of them are just too bitter to eat. J. sabina, often planted in North America as an ornamental, cannot be used either berries or leaves. Edible & Medicinal Plants of the Rockies (Kershaw, 2000) includes an easy recipe for making a Tricky Mary, a virgin Bloody Mary in which you allow juniper berries to flavor tomato juice. Commonly referred to simply as cedar, the Easten red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is in fact a juniper variety that is found growing naturally throughout the Northeastern United States. Juniperus communis is the most common juniper in cooking. The Juniperus monosperma should not be eaten as it is unpalatable. During the Renaissance, juniper berries were thought to have medicinal properties, and they were used to cure snake bite, plague and pestilence. Some bartenders may use juniper berries/oil in infusions, syrups, as garnishes, and in other cocktail uses. Handling juniper plants can cause skin irritations, so gloves can help. Juniper berries flourish in the wild, and can be used for a number of things such as cooking, creating gin, and survival in the wild. Both eastern red cedar trees and Juniperus communis plants produce berries that are a dark blue and about the size of large peppercorns. However, the most prominent use for common juniper berries is in the flavoring of gin. When trying to identify juniper berries, there are a couple of key things to keep in mind so you don't mistake poisonous berries for edible juniper berries. (via Domestic Gothess) Cheesy Ham, Juniper and Tomato Sauce The piney, citrusy flavors of juniper are a great way to lighten up heavier dishes. This tonic, now known as gin, instantly became a huge hit throughout Europe as an inexpensive, domestic, buzz- producing alcohol beverage, rather than the medicinal tonic Sylvius had intended it to be. All juniper berries contain the powerful oil Thujone. The flavor of juniper berries is said to tone down the gaminess of venison, wild boar, water fowl and other game meats. Though part of this may have been plague-paranoia, juniper berries do have antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and anti-viral properties. Also, do not use berries from the commonly sold hybrid known as the Pfitzer Juniper (Juniperus × pfitzeriana). Juniper is a conifer, that occurs naturally in most parts of the world. In the mid-17th century, a Dutch physician named Francis Sylvius created and marketed a diuretic tonic made from juniper berries. In fact, the name “gin” is derived from either the French or Dutch (no one knows for sure) word for juniper. Here are 5 … Upon reading this, you may be wondering are all juniper berries edible? Berries grow on all species of juniper, though not all of them are edible. Juniper berries are the primary flavoring agent for gin, and they are in an ingredient in my Infused Winter Gin recipe. Because she’s toxic and consumption is inadvisable. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. Are there some clear identifiers Even Savin juniper should not be eaten. Juniper Berries Edible . Nowadays, juniper berries are primarily used to make gin---or, in small amounts, to enhance the flavor of wild game, but they can … Besides medicinal uses, which includes treating diabetes, the berries are employed for flavoring, most notably in gin and the French liqueur Chartreuse. The rest are pretty much edible. Juniper is a conifer that occurs naturally in many parts of the world. Cedar berries come from eastern red cedar trees (Juniperus virginiana) that can grow as tall as 50 feet. Juniper berries are not eaten in handfuls, straight off the bush like the sweet, juicy blueberries they resemble. Native Americans used juniper berries as a medicine to treat sore throats, colds, pain, fever, headaches, joint inflammation, dizziness, kidney stones, as well as to flavor wild game, cakes and breads. The dusty coating on juniper berries is actually a wild yeast, so juniper berries have also been used for centuries in beer-crafting and breads; many sourdough starter recipes call for juniper berries. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Juniper wood is very workable and useful and provides excellent fuel, and wherever juniper grows the charcoal is recovered from pre-contact period hearths and roasting pits of the Native Americans. Juniper berries can take about two years to mature for use. Are there specific types of juniper berries that can be used in cooking or will they all be suitable? At most, three or four berries are used for flavoring a dish. The fruit of common juniper (Juniperus communis) is generally considered to be the most flavorful juniper berry, but J. virginiana (eastern red cedar) also produces tasty, edible berries. Gin is any distilled alcohol that has been flavored with juniper. A hardy evergreen, juniper varieties are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 2 to 9, notes the University of Florida. Juniper berries have antimicrobial properties An antimicrobial is an agent that In addition to Juniperus Communis, other edible species include Juniperus Drupacea, Juniperus Phoenicea, Juniperus Deppeana and Juniperus Californica. However, these berries are not really berries at all; theyre actually the fleshy cones of female junipers, which have such small, compacted scales that they have an appearance similar to berries. The spicy, aromatic, dark berries of the juniper tree can be used fresh or dried, crushed or whole, to flavour casseroles, marinades and stuffings and complement pork, rabbit, venison, beef and duck. Juniper's blue and purple berries are actually modified cones. Juniper berries have been used for culinary and medicinal purposes since ancient times, and current research suggests that they may offer various health benefits. Therefore you should know which kind of juniper berries you can eat. Many conifer needles are used to make tea, usually due to their high level of Vitamin C. Western juniper (Juniperus occidentalis) is found in central and eastern Oregon, and those berries are edible. In fact, the name “gin” is derived from either the French or Dutch (no one knows for sure) word for juniper. Many berries are commonly available in grocery stores, but other, equally delicious ones are abundant in the wild. If you want tasty juniper berries and do not have a J. communis, it would be best to plant one. The common juniper (Juniperus communis) is the most widely known edible Juniper species. Whole berries are also added to teas and tinctures for their medicinal qualities and ground into salves for wound care. This oil can cause stomach upset, diarrhea, and kidney problems when ingested in large quantities. Junipers are often grown as shrubs for screening and hedges and are also grown as small trees. Juniper is a conifer, that occurs naturally in most parts of the world. Because they have a large quantity of antioxidants, juniper berries have a long list of health benefits. I would love some feedback and recipes if anyone can help. The Eastern red cedar produces berries that are edible and safe for human consumption. Other varieties of juniper berries are considered too bitter to eat. So many different species, do you know which you can eat? Throughout history, different parts of juniper have been used in different culinary and medicinal recipes, though it is the juniper berries that are used in juniper’s most noteworthy recipes. Upon reading this, you may be wondering are all juniper berries edible? They are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 8, as well as several other zones, depending on the cultivar. Common junipers are found growing wild throughout North America, as well as Europe and Asia. All junipers contain the powerful oil Thujone (can cause stomach upset, diarrhea, and kidney problems if ingested in large … They have a strong, bitter, slightly peppery-flavour and gritty texture. Known in folk medicine and some modern research as a natural antiseptic and antioxidant, the essential oil of juniper berries is a popular therapeutic oil. These are the only juniper berries edible as fruit, and even they can be toxic if consumed in large quantities. Plums, apples, pears and juniper berries make for a dessert that’s equal parts) You can plant it all year round. Some bartenders may use juniper berries/oil in infusions, syrups, as garnishes, and in other cocktail uses. I use crushed juniper berries in my turkey brine every Thanksgiving. In addition to Juniperus Communis, other edible species include Juniperus Drupacea, Juniperus Phoenicea, Juniperus Deppeana and Juniperus Californica However, when eaten in large quantities, all juniper berries have the potential to cause diarrhea. Most ethnographic references discuss red berry juniper only as a medicinal plant, but it actually produces one of the best-tasting juniper "berries" in North America. They are sold at nurseries, and the berries are not edible. Just as juniper trees stay the test of time and can live to be hundreds of years old, juniper berries have been an enduring flavor in the repertoire of distillers through the centuries. The most common culinary use of the juniper berry is as a spice used to flavor gin. Note that not all juniper berries are edible, so don't go pulling them off a bush unless you're sure they're the safe kind. The juniper sapling is a plug plant, which means it comes ready to go in compost. Juniper berries are most famous for their use in gin. Do not eat juniper berries if you are pregnant, nursing or if you have kidney or liver problems, as the berries may irritate symptoms. You can grow junipers in a large plant pot or in your garden. Other ways the juniper berry is used is as dried fruit. The Spice Way Juniper Berries - Ground berries, pure, no additives, Non-GMO, no preservatives, great for cooking and for spicing tea, syrup, meat, beef, turkey, soups and more. Its berries are used as a spice for flavoring meat and fish dishes, as well as sauerkraut, notes North Carolina State Cooperative Extension. One of the big benefits of juniper berries is that their antiseptic properties help remove waste and acidic Well-macerated juniper berries’ heavy tones can be balanced by other botanicals or by incorporating juniper that is more lightly treated by adding it to the still just before distillation or vapor distilling it in a basket within the still. Juniper berries areprevalent in European cuisine, such as meat stews, juniper tea, and sauces. Avoid harvesting from junipers which grow alongside roads, parking lots, driveways, or landscapes which are treated with pesticides or where they may receive chemical drift or runoff. Juniper berries can even be added to hair rinses, vinegars or oils to promote shiny hair. All juniper species grow berries, but most are considered too bitter to eat. Juniper berries are the female seed cones of the juniper plants. All the species of the juniper trees grow berries, and almost all are edible. Juniper berries are used in medicine, spirits and as spice. Several varieties of junipers are native to the United States, from tall trees to bush-like formations. It’s used for its medicinal purposes as an essential oil, made by steam distillation of the crushed, dried, or fermented berries. todao's poison control center link might be something to pay attention to. What Kind of Trees Have Berries in the Summer? Juniper berries, small blue edible and poisonous cones, growing on shrubs or trees. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. 4 oz resealable bag 4.3 out of 5 stars 70 $6.99$6.99 ($1.75/Ounce) Save more with Subscribe & Save The berries are commercially used as an ingredient in the production of alcoholic beverages because of its distinctive bitter essence. Juniperus communis berries can grow to about twelve millimeters in diameter. Click here for that answer. Dec 18, 2018 - Juniper berries have been used as a strong flavoring for wine, mead, and other alcoholic beverages, as well as a spice for meats, stews, sauerkraut and other dishes. Juniper berries are primarily used as a spice. Young juniper berries have a greenish coloring, but most varieties ripen to dark purple after two to three years. However, for centuries before Sylvius developed his juniper berry tonic, juniper berries had already been used as a strong flavoring for wine, mead, and other alcoholic beverages, as well as a spice for meats, stews, sauerkraut and other dishes. Instead, just a small quantity of mature juniper berries are added to recipes as a flavoring or spice. As with any edible plant, you don’t want to eat anything that may have been exposed to harmful chemicals. I am in Idaho and I see Juniper berries all the time when I am out and about. Now before you start foraging for juniper berries in your backyard, it is important to consider some things. This perennial plant grows best in the dry rocky areas and is hardy to USDA zones 8 to 10, notes the Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute. When trying to identify bushes/trees that have edible berries, how can I know for sure which Juniper I have in front of me. Most varieties are edible but avoid the poisonous ones! These are the two most common species in Caution: Do not use the European Juniperus sabina and Juniperus oxycedrus for food at all. 4.7 out of 5 stars 325 $10.69 $ 10. Juniper Berries | Perfect for Gin Cocktails and for Tea Infusions | Ideal for Making Dressings, and for Cooking Game Meats Like Deer 4 Oz. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. The Tam Juniper shrub ( Juniperus sabina ) is native to southern Europe and is popular for landscaping in the US. Also, do not use berries from the commonly sold hybrid known as the Pfitzer Juniper (Juniperus × pfitzeriana). Bright, fresh, piney, pungent, resinous and slightly spicy. In addition to J. communis, other edible species include Juniperus drupacea, Juniperus phoenicea, Juniperus deppeana, and Juniperus californica. It is very important that you identify your juniper species before you partake of the berries. The juniper berries used for flavoring come from the Juniperus communis, which can be a sprawling shrub or a tree that can grow as tall as 52 feet. This oil causes mild digestive upset. Liquids present challenges to archaeologists, as they leave only fleeting traces, so knowledge of ancient brewing practices is limited. The berries of the California juniper (Juniperus californica) were utilized as a food source by the Native Americans during times when food was scarce. The fruit of common juniper (Juniperus communis) is generally considered to be the most flavorful juniper berry, but J. virginiana (eastern red cedar) also produces tasty, edible berries. Mature, but still green juniper berries, are used to make gin. It can be used as a spice—a little goes a very long way. Think ‘gin’ and you’re getting close. Today the California juniper’s berries are eaten raw, cooked or ground into a powder used for flavoring. Download Juniper berries stock photos. They are sold at nurseries, and the berries are not edible. Therefore you should know which kind of juniper berries you can eat. NOTE: The berries of Juniperus sabina and Juniperus oxycedrus are not safe for human consumption and should be avoided. Words: Jenny Somervell Juniper berries aren't typically found in your average kitchen, but this exotic fruit offers a flavour that jumps out at you and can add that extra punch needed to spice up a dish. Edible Uses of Juniper Berries. Juniper Berries Overview Juniper berries naturally grow in the northern hemisphere and in other areas like Siberia, Canada, and Europe. Download Juniper berries stock photos. Most juniper berries used in recipes come from the species Juniperus communis, a plant that grows in northern climates. A few species produce edible juniper berries that are enjoyed by humans. Sign up for our newsletter. It wasn't clear whether the OP actually found his juniper berries, as he didn't respond, but maybe the thread info will be useful for you, aside from the berry picking location reference. The berries are edible and have a unique sweetness to them which is different from other varieties of edible junipers. The common juniper can be grown in the landscape as a shrub or as a tree that can reach 25 feet in height. Throughout history, different parts of juniper have been used in different culinary and medicinal recipes, though it is the juniper berries that are used in junipers most noteworthy recipes. The common juniper, Juniperus communis, is the variety most often used to make gin, medicines and food dishes, as it is considered safe for human consumption. (via An Edible Mosaic) Hazelnut Sweet Potato Pancakes With Juniper Syrup ... Made with juniper berries and bitter lemon peel, along with lemon juice and gin, this sorbet is an adults-only dessert that makes for an elegant end to any meal.